FICO - Your Credit Score
Because we live in an automated, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history in order to compile your FICO score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors in building a credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Is there any way to raise your FICO score? Since the score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's very hard to change it quickly. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to get your score and make sure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your FICO score? Call us at 952 417 8481.